Major Predictors of Inpatient Falls: A Multisite Study.

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Major Predictors of Inpatient Falls: A Multisite Study.

J Nurs Adm. 2015 Oct;45(10):498-502

Authors: Moe K, Brockopp D, McCowan D, Merritt S, Hall B

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to identify key factors predictive of falls in hospitals.
BACKGROUND: Patient falls remain a major concern for hospitals. Falls can increase patient morbidity/mortality and increase legal risk/cost for institutions. While a number of high-risk falls assessments are available, key predictors of falls have not been identified.
METHODS: A secondary data analysis was performed on 281,865 high-risk falls assessments collected in a multisite study.
RESULTS: For the total sample, logistic regression analyses demonstrated that 3 factors, falls within the past 6 months (OR=2.98), confusion (odds ratio, 2.05), taking a laxative (odds ratio, 1.54), are strong predictors of falling. Similar results were found for individual hospitals, different units within hospitals, and urban versus rural hospital locations.
CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that assessments of fall risk should heavily weigh the 3 predictors identified in this study. Another approach would be to intervene based on these predictors.

PMID: 26425974 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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