The electrocardiographic characteristics of an acute embolism in the pulmonary trunk and the main pulmonary arteries.
Am J Emerg Med. 2015 Oct 24;
Authors: Zhang J, Liu G, Wang S, Du W, Lv P, Guo H, Sun Q, Liu Y, Qi X
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common cardiovascular disease that can be easily missed or misdiagnosed. Electrocardiogram (ECG) is valuable in making early diagnoses and performing risk stratification with regard to acute PE.
METHODS: A total of 147 hospitalized patients diagnosed with acute PE were enrolled in this study and divided into the following 2 groups: main pulmonary artery trunk or main pulmonary artery (MPA) embolism and lobar artery or remote branch embolism. Electrocardiographic abnormalities associated with acute PE were subsequently identified.
RESULTS: Electrocardiographic abnormalities were significantly different between the pulmonary trunk/MPA embolism group and the lobar artery/remote branch embolism group. The incidence of pulmonary trunk/MPA emboli was significantly related to the number of ECG abnormalities (t = -7.086, P = 5.556e-11). Furthermore, the number of ECG abnormalities noted among patients with pulmonary trunk/MPA emboli was 5.276 times greater than the number observed among the lobar artery/remote branch embolism group (P < .001, 95% confidence interval = -6.57 to 3.97). The risk of either moderate or severe right ventricular hypertrophy was increased by 16.18% among patients with either pulmonary trunk or MPA emboli compared with patients with either lobar artery or remote branch emboli (P < .001, 95% confidence interval = -2.76 to 0.876). The correct classification rate was as high as 92.3% when ECG was used to classify the prognosis of PE patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The number of ECG abnormalities and the degree of right ventricular hypertrophy as determined via ECG can be used to assess the probability of developing a PE in the pulmonary trunk and MPA. Furthermore, ECGs can assist clinicians with risk stratification.
PMID: 26614579 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]