Chronic Pain Management: An Overview of Taxonomy, Conditions Commonly Encountered, and Assessment.
Med Clin North Am. 2016 Jan;100(1):1-16
Authors: Walk D, Poliak-Tunis M
Chronic pain has multiple mechanisms that result in pain amplification and maintenance, including central and peripheral sensitization and altered modulation of pain perception. Assessment of pain requires comprehensive assessment of symptoms and signs, suspected pain mechanisms, and the patient's biopsychosocial context. Multiple validated measures exist for the assessment of pain symptoms, pain-related disability, psychological impact of pain, and candidacy for opioid management.
PMID: 26614715 [PubMed - in process]