TREATING PATIENTS WITH CANCER AND ACUTE VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM.
Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2015 Nov 25;
Authors: Donadini MP, Squizzato A, Ageno W
INTRODUCTION: Cancer and venous thromboembolism (VTE) are tightly related, with a high risk of VTE associated with cancer and a strong impact of VTE on cancer prognosis. The management and treatment of cancer associated VTE are particularly challenging and, in many cases, are not guided by a high level of evidence. Areas covered: In this review, we present the best therapeutic approach to acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) and to some controversial issues, such as home treatment, optimal duration of anticoagulation, management of VTE recurrence during anticoagulant treatment and of unsuspected PE. Then, the available evidence on other cancer related VTE manifestations is presented, such as catheter related thrombosis and splanchnic vein thrombosis. Expert opinion: While solid evidence exists on the advantage of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) over vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) during the first 3 to 6 months after acute DVT and/or PE, several issues have not been sufficiently investigated yet. These include the role of LMWH beyond the first 3 to 6 months, whether it is still more effective than VKA and if its intensity could be safely reduced, the strategies to identifying accurate predictors of VTE recurrence and the role of direct oral anticoagulants.
PMID: 26606049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]