Pulmonary embolism, acute coronary syndrome and ischemic stroke in the Spanish National Discharge Database.
Eur J Intern Med. 2015 Oct 22;
Authors: Guijarro R, de Miguel-Diez J, Jimenez D, Trujillo-Santos J, Otero R, Barba R, Monreal M
BACKGROUND: Venous and arterial thrombosis share a number of pathogenic mechanisms, but the burden of pulmonary embolism (PE) has not been consistently compared with that in other arterial diseases.
METHODS: We used the Spanish National Discharge Database to compare the frequency, clinical characteristics and mortality rate of all patients with PE, acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or ischemic stroke admitted from 2001 to 2010. Patients were classified as having primary diagnosis (the process leading to hospital admission) or secondary diagnosis (it appeared during hospital stay for other reasons) RESULTS: During the study period, 31,949,739 patients were discharged. Of these, 165,229 (0.52%) were diagnosed with PE, 562,837 (1.76%) with ACS and 495,427 (1.55%) with ischemic stroke. Overall, 31% of patients with PE, 8.4% with ACS and 13% with ischemic stroke had secondary diagnoses. The most common reasons for admission in patients with secondary PE were: cancer (21%), acute respiratory failure (11%), acute heart failure (6.4%) and stroke (5.5%). Mean hospital stay was: 14±13days in PE patients, 9.7±9.7 in those with ACS and 13±14days in those with stroke. In-hospital mortality rate was: 10.5%, 10.1% and 12.3% respectively in patients with primary diagnosis, and 36%, 34% and 29% in those with secondary diagnosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients hospitalized with PE were 3-4 times less frequent than those with ACS or stroke, but had a higher mortality. One in every 3 patients with PE (but only one in every 10 with ACS or stroke) had secondary diagnosis, and these patients had the highest mortality.
PMID: 26603210 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]