Antimicrobial de-escalation of treatment for healthcare-associated pneumonia within the Veterans Healthcare Administration.
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2015 Nov 3;
Authors: Madaras-Kelly K, Jones M, Remington R, Caplinger CM, Huttner B, Jones B, Samore M
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to measure quantitatively antimicrobial de-escalation utilizing electronic medication administration data based on the spectrum of activity for antimicrobial therapy (i.e. spectrum score) to identify variables associated with de-escalation in a nationwide healthcare system.
METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients hospitalized for healthcare-associated pneumonia was conducted in Veterans Affairs Medical Centers (n = 119). Patients hospitalized for healthcare-associated pneumonia on acute-care wards between 5 and 14 days who received antimicrobials for ≥3 days during calendar years 2008-11 were evaluated. The spectrum score method was applied at the patient level to measure de-escalation on day 4 of hospitalization. De-escalation was expressed in aggregate and facility-level proportions. Logistic regression was used to assess variables associated with de-escalation. ORs with 95% CIs were reported.
RESULTS: Among 9319 patients, the de-escalation proportion was 28.3% (95% CI 27.4-29.2), which varied 6-fold across facilities [median (IQR) facility-level de-escalation proportion 29.1% (95% CI 21.7-35.6)]. Variables associated with de-escalation included initial broad-spectrum therapy (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.4-1.5 for each 10% increase in spectrum), collection of respiratory tract cultures (OR 1.1, 95% CI 1.0-1.2) and care in higher complexity facilities (OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.1-1.6). Respiratory tract cultures were collected from 35.3% (95% CI 32.7-37.7) of patients.
CONCLUSIONS: De-escalation of antimicrobial therapy was limited and varied substantially across facilities. De-escalation was associated with respiratory tract culture collection and treatment in a high complexity-level facility.
PMID: 26538501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]