Review of vorapaxar for the prevention of atherothrombotic events.
Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2015 Oct 19;:1-14
Authors: Wang A
INTRODUCTION: Atherosclerosis is frequently caused by clot blockage of the coronary or peripheral arteries, and may lead to myocardial infarction (MI) or peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Despite advancements in management of atherosclerosis, mortality and ischemic rates remain high. Vorapaxar is a protease activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) antagonist, and prevents thrombin activation of PAR-1 receptors on platelets. Areas covered: Vorapaxar was studied in 2 landmark trials in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and in those with history of atherosclerosis. For patients with ACS, vorapaxar did not significantly reduce rates of the primary efficacy outcome as compared to placebo. For patients with a history of atherosclerosis, vorapaxar significantly reduced rates of primacy outcome. However, in both landmark trials, vorapaxar significantly increased risks of bleeding, and significantly increases risks of intracranial hemorrhage in patients with a history of stroke. Vorapaxar was approved in 2014 in the US for patients with a history of MI or PAD, and in the European Union for patients with a history of MI. Expert opinion: Use of vorapaxar may be limited due to its high potential for causing bleeding. Efficacy of vorapaxar in addition to aspirin and prasugrel or ticagrelor for the management of ACS should be studied in the future.
PMID: 26480240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]