Impact of an Antibiotic-specific Sepsis Bundle on Appropriate and Timely Antibiotic Administration for Severe Sepsis in the Emergency Department.
J Emerg Med. 2015 Oct 6;
Authors: Kalich BA, Maguire JM, Campbell-Bright SL, Mehrotra A, Caffey T, Tulu Z, Lin FC, Carson SS
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend initiation of appropriate antimicrobial therapy within 1 h of severe sepsis diagnosis. Few sepsis bundles exist in the literature emphasizing initiation of specific antibiotic therapy.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of an antibiotic-specific sepsis bundle on the timely initiation of appropriate antibiotics.
METHODS: For this before-and-after interventional study, the sepsis bundle at this 803-bed academic tertiary-care facility was redesigned to include specific antibiotic selection and dosing, based on suspected source of infection and susceptibility patterns. Protocol education and advertising was completed and bundle-specific antibiotics were put in the automated medication cabinet.
RESULTS: Stepwise analysis of timely initiation of appropriate antibiotics included: 1) Was the initial antibiotic appropriate? 2) If so, was it initiated within 1 h of diagnosis? 3) If so, were all necessary appropriate antibiotics started? and 4) If so, were they started within 3 h of diagnosis? In comparing the 3-month-before group and 3-month-after group (n = 124), the appropriate initial antibiotic was started in 33.9% vs. 54.8% of patients (odds ratio [OR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.19-0.93, p = 0.03) and within 1 h in 22.6% vs. 14.5% of patients (OR 1.71, 95% CI 0.62-4.92, p = 0.36), respectively. All necessary appropriate antibiotics were initiated in 16.1% vs. 12.9% of patients (OR 1.30, 95% CI 0.42-4.10, p = 0.80), and within 3 h in 14.5% vs. 9.7% of patients, respectively (OR 1.58, 95% CI 0.46-5.78, p = 0.58).
CONCLUSIONS: An updated antibiotic-specific sepsis bundle, with antibiotics put in an automated medication cabinet, can result in improvements in the initiation of appropriate initial antibiotic therapy for severe sepsis in the emergency department.
PMID: 26452597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]