Improving the management of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients: assessment of an intervention in trainee doctors.
Clin Med. 2015 Oct 5;15(5):426-30
Authors: Rawson TM, Bouri S, Allen C, Ferreira-Martins J, Yusuf A, Stafford N, Pitcher M, Jacyna M
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in cirrhotic patients is a serious complication associated with a high mortality rate. A baseline audit of the acute medical take (AMT) at Northwick Park suggested a lack of awareness regarding management. A questionnaire based on contemporary SBP guidelines was circulated to all trainee doctors (FY1 to SpR). Ascitic fluid testing requests were analysed over a six-month period. The electronic requesting system was updated to include prompts and direct links to Trust SBP guidelines, and a one-hour lecture to all members of the AMT, supported by an educational booklet on SBP, was performed. Re-audit was carried out six months post-intervention, the AMT completed a second questionnaire and ascitic fluid testing requests were re-audited. In comparable pre- and post-intervention AMT cohorts, a clinical and educational intervention led to a significant improvement in understanding of when to investigate (p≤0.001), samples (p = 0.002) and containers (p≤0.001) required, urgency of obtaining results (p≤0.001), and initiation of treatment for suspected SBP (p = 0.007). Significantly more ascitic samples were sent, with specific suspicion of SBP more readily documented, crucial to expediting laboratory processing. Targeted education and production of a clinical algorithm has significantly improved the management of patients with SBP.
PMID: 26430179 [PubMed - in process]