The Efficacy of COPD Outreach in Reducing Length of Stay and Improving Quality of Life.
Ir Med J. 2015 Jun;108(6):169-71
Authors: Sahadevan A, Baily C, Cullen L, Kooblall M, Watchorn DC, Lane SJ, Moloney E
COPD exacerbations results in prolonged hospitalisation, re-admissions, reduces health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and increases mortality. The study aimed to assess the efficacy of a COPD Outreach service in reducing average length of stay (ALOS), reducing readmissions within 90 days of admission, improving HRQoL and reducing mortality among COPD patients with acute exacerbations (AECOPD). AECOPD data for a 2 year period commencing September 2011 was analysed. The COPD Assessment test (CAT) quantified HRQoL at enrolment and 6 weeks post Outreach. COPD Outreach had an ALOS of 2.47 days compared to ALOS 8.59 days and 8.5 days for all AECOPD before and during an operational COPD Outreach. Re-admission rates among patients enrolled in COPD Outreach were 36.3%. CAT improved from mean 19.3 to 13.5. Mortality was 4.9% among Outreach patients and 2.5% for overall AECOPD in 2012-2013. COPD Outreach reduced ALOS and improved HRQoL for selected patients with AECOPD. It did not reduce re-admissions or mortality.
PMID: 26182798 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]