Evaluation of acute kidney injury in the hospital setting.
Prim Care. 2014 Dec;41(4):779-802
Authors: Eftekhari P
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is becoming more prevalent in the hospital setting and is associated with the worst prognostic outcomes, including increased mortality. Many different factors contribute to the development of AKI in hospitalized patients, including medications, older age, sepsis, and comorbid conditions. Correct evaluation and management of AKI requires investigation and understanding of important causative factors for each of the 3 pathophysiologic categories of renal failure. Preventative efforts rely on prompt recognition of AKI while avoiding iatrogenic insults in the hospital setting.
PMID: 25439534 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]