A new prognostic model for chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia.
Int J Clin Oncol. 2015 Jun 7;
Authors: Ahn S, Lee YS, Lee JL, Lim KS, Yoon SC
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to develop and validate a new prognostic model for febrile neutropenia (FN).
METHODS: This study comprised 1001 episodes of FN: 718 for the derivation set and 283 for the validation set. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed with unfavorable outcome as the primary endpoint and bacteremia as the secondary endpoint.
RESULTS: In the derivation set, risk factors for adverse outcomes comprised age ≥60 years (2 points), procalcitonin ≥0.5 ng/mL (5 points), ECOG performance score ≥2 (2 points), oral mucositis grade ≥3 (3 points), systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg (3 points), and respiratory rate ≥24 breaths/min (3 points). The model stratified patients into three severity classes, with adverse event rates of 6.0 % in class I (score ≤2), 27.3 % in class II (score 3-8), and 67.9 % in class III (score ≥9). Bacteremia was present in 1.1, 11.5, and 29.8 % of patients in class I, II, and III, respectively. The outcomes of the validation set were similar in each risk class. When the derivation and validation sets were integrated, unfavorable outcomes occurred in 5.9 % of the low-risk group classified by the new prognostic model and in 12.2 % classified by the Multinational Association for Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC) risk index.
CONCLUSIONS: With the new prognostic model, we can classify patients with FN into three classes of increasing adverse outcomes and bacteremia. Early discharge would be possible for class I patients, short-term observation could safely manage class II patients, and inpatient admission is warranted for class III patients.
PMID: 26049405 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]