Acute kidney injury after cardiac arrest.
Crit Care. 2015 Apr 17;19(1):169
Authors: Tujjar O, Mineo G, Dell'Anna A, Poyatos-Robles B, Donadello K, Scolletta S, Vincent JL, Taccone FS
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the incidence and determinants of AKI in a large cohort of cardiac arrest patients.
METHODS: We reviewed all patients admitted, for at least 48 hours, to our Dept. of Intensive Care after CA between January 2008 and October 2012. AKI was defined as oligo-anuria (daily urine output <0.5 ml/kg/h) and/or an increase in serum creatinine (≥0.3 mg/dl from admission value within 48 hours or a 1.5 time from baseline level). Demographics, comorbidities, CA details, and ICU interventions were recorded. Neurological outcome was assessed at 3 months using the Cerebral Performance Category scale (CPC 1-2 = favorable outcome; 3-5 = poor outcome).
RESULTS: A total of 199 patients were included, 85 (43%) of whom developed AKI during the ICU stay. Independent predictors of AKI development were older age, chronic renal disease, higher dose of epinephrine, in-hospital CA, presence of shock during the ICU stay, a low creatinine clearance (CrCl) on admission and a high cumulative fluid balance at 48 hours. Patients with AKI had higher hospital mortality (55/85 vs. 57/114, p = 0.04), but AKI was not an independent predictor of poor 3-month neurological outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: AKI occurred in more than 40% of patients after CA. These patients had more severe hemodynamic impairment and needed more aggressive ICU therapy; however the development of AKI did not influence neurological recovery.
PMID: 25887258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]