Impact of d-Dimer Levels on Admission on Inhospital and Long-Term Outcome in Patients With Type A Acute Aortic Dissection.
Am J Cardiol. 2015 Mar 16;
Authors: Huang B, Yang Y, Lu H, Zhao Z, Zhang S, Hui R, Fan X
Limited studies with relatively small sample sizes have reported that elevated d-dimer levels on admission were associated with increased risk of short-term mortality in patients with type A acute aortic dissection (AAD). However, there were unavailable data regarding the impact of admission d-dimer levels on long-term outcomes. Our present study aimed to evaluate the association of admission d-dimer levels with both inhospital and long-term all-cause mortality in patients with type A AAD. A total of 212 consecutive patients with type A AAD were enrolled. d-Dimer levels were measured on admission, and patients were followed up prospectively. The primary end points were inhospital and long-term all-cause mortality. The median length of follow-up was 18.8 months (interquartile range 6.7 to 24.4 months). The inhospital and long-term all-cause mortality rates were 12.7% and 12.4%, respectively. Compared with the survivors, the nonsurvivors had significantly higher d-dimer levels (p <0.001). When divided into 4 groups according to admission d-dimer quartiles, patients in Q4 (>6.10 μg/ml) had the highest inhospital and long-term mortality among groups. After multivariate adjustment, the d-dimer level in Q4 (>6.10 μg/ml) was an independent risk factor for inhospital mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 6.12, 95% confidence interval 1.35 to 27.89, p = 0.019) in addition to surgical treatment; however, this was not an independent predictor for long-term mortality. In conclusion, our study with a relatively large sample size suggested that elevated admission d-dimer levels (>6.10 μg/ml) might be a predictor for increased risk of inhospital mortality, and urgent-emergent surgery might be needed in patients with elevated d-dimer levels on admission. However, d-dimer levels at admission failed to predict long-term mortality.
PMID: 25863830 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]