Management of the acute cardiac patient in the Australian rural setting: a 12 month retrospective study.
Aust Crit Care. 2014 Feb;27(1):11-6
Authors: Clune SJ, Blackford J, Murphy M
BACKGROUND: Rural cardiac patients may require transfer to tertiary health services for ongoing acute cardiac management. The time required to transfer is a consideration in determining appropriate clinical care. There is little published data reporting acute cardiac management in the Australian regional setting that reviews factors determining transfer to a tertiary centre.
PURPOSE: This paper reports the findings of a quantitative, retrospective study conducted to identify demographic differences and potential predictors to urban transfer for ongoing acute cardiac management for patients presenting to a regional hospital with suspected acute myocardial infarction.
METHODS: Using a purpose designed tool an audit of 204 files from June 2009 to July 2010 was conducted for all patients admitted to a regional hospital having a discharge diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction or angina. Patient demographics, clinical outcomes, concordance with treatment guidelines, and possible predictors of treatment decisions were investigated.
FINDINGS: Patients younger than 65 years (p<0.001), unemployed (p<0.01) and with acute electrocardiograph changes (p<0.01) were more likely to be transferred to a tertiary centre. Treatment guidelines concordance for acute cardiac care ranged from 70% to 79% for all patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Although presenting patients were treated in a timely manner consistent with national guidelines, to be younger, unemployed or have electrocardiograph changes was a greater predictor to urban transfer. It is unknown if these differences in transferring or not to a tertiary centre contribute to poorer long-term cardiac outcomes for rural patients. Further evaluations are warranted.
PMID: 23566923 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]