Multiplex gastrointestinal pathogen panels: implications for infection control.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2015 Jan 22;
Authors: Rand KH, Tremblay EE, Hoidal M, Fisher LB, Grau KR, Karst SM
In the acute care hospital inpatient setting, there is a wide variety of causes for both infectious and noninfectious diarrhea. However, without molecular assays for the wide range of agents causing gastroenteritis, there is no reliable way to determine which individuals should be placed in contact precautions, as recommended by CDC. We tested 158 inpatient diarrheal stool specimens with the FilmArray GI Panel (BioFire Diagnostics, Salt Lake City, UT, USA) that had been stored at -70°C after testing negative by conventional methods for Clostridium difficile and/or rotavirus. We found that 22.2% had at least 1 other infectious agent detected, and 60% of these patients were never placed in appropriate isolation for a total of 109 patient-days. In addition, 20.3% of patients with negative GI panel results could have been removed from isolation. Use of multiplex gastrointestinal panels may improve decisions regarding patient isolation and reduce nosocomial transmission.
PMID: 25796558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]