Gender Differences in Salary of Internal Medicine Residency Directors: A National Survey.
Am J Med. 2015 Feb 27;
Authors: Willett LL, Halvorsen AJ, McDonald FS, Chaudhry SI, Arora VM
IMPORTANCE: Whether salary disparities exist between men and women in medical education leadership roles is not known.
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether salary disparities exist between men and women Internal Medicine residency program directors (PDs), and if so, to identify factors associated with the disparities and explore historical trends.
DESIGN: The annual Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine (APDIM) survey in August 2012 included items to assess the salary and demographic characteristics of PDs, which were merged with publically available program data. To assess historical trends, we additionally used similarly obtained survey data from 2008-2011.
SETTING: The PDs of 370 APDIM-member programs, representing 95.6% of the 387 accredited IM training programs in the US and Puerto Rico.
PARTICIPANTS: Of the 370 APDIM member programs, 241 (65.1%) completed the survey, 169 (70.1%) men and 72 (29.9%) women. Main Outcomes and Measures: PD's total annual salary, measured in $25,000 increments, ranging from "$75,000 or less" to "over $400,000." Historical trends of mode salary by gender from 2008-2012 were assessed.
RESULTS: The mode salary for men was $200-225,000, as compared to women with $175-$200,000 (p=0.0005). After controlling for academic rank, career in GIM, and PD age, the distribution of salary remained different by gender (P=0.004). Historical trends show the difference in mode salary has persisted since 2008.
CONCLUSIONS: and Relevance: Leaders in academic medical centers, residency and fellowship directors, and all faculty in medical education, need to be aware that salary disparities cited decades ago persist in this sample of medical educators. Closing the gender gap will require continued advocacy for measuring and reporting salary gaps, and changing the culture of academic medical centers.
PMID: 25731136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]