Duration of anticoagulation after venous thromboembolism in real world clinical practice.

Link to article at PubMed

Duration of anticoagulation after venous thromboembolism in real world clinical practice.

Thromb Res. 2015 Feb 7;

Authors: Ageno W, Samperiz A, Caballero R, Dentali F, Di Micco P, Prandoni P, Becattini C, Uresandi F, Verhamme P, Monreal M, the RIETE investigators

INTRODUCTION: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) carries a considerable risk of recurrence and anticoagulants should be administered for a minimum of three months. Since little is known about real life management of VTE, we aimed to describe current practice in the secondary prevention of VTE.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the database of an international, prospective registry on patients treated for VTE, RIETE, information was collected on risk factors for VTE and bleeding, anticoagulant treatment, and clinical outcomes during follow up. Multivariate analysis using logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of treatment duration.
RESULTS: Of 6944 patients with a first episode of VTE 41.1% had unprovoked VTE, 31.8% had transient risk factors, 27.1% had cancer. After the exclusion of patients who died during the first year of observation, the rate of patients treated for >12months was 55.1%, 41.9%, and 43.2%, respectively (p<0.001). Pulmonary embolism at presentation, recurrence while on treatment, chronic heart failure and age >65years were independently associated with treatment for >12months. Body weight <75kg, anemia, cancer, and the presence of transient risk factors were associated with treatment for 12months or less. Major bleeding occurred more frequently than recurrent VTE in patients with VTE secondary to transient risk factors and cancer; fatal bleeding was more frequent than fatal recurrent PE in all subgroups.
CONCLUSIONS: We observed heterogeneous duration of anticoagulant treatment for the secondary prevention of VTE. A substantial proportion of patients, in particular those with VTE secondary to transient risk factors, may be exposed to a possibly unnecessary risk of bleeding.

PMID: 25708926 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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