Soluble ST2 as a prognostic marker in community-acquired pneumonia.
J Infect. 2015 Feb 19;
Authors: Watanabe M, Takizawa H, Tamura M, Nakajima A, Kurai D, Ishii H, Takata S, Nakamoto K, Sohara E, Honda K, Nakamura M, Inui T, Wada H, Goto H
OBJECTIVES: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is associated with high mortality when initial treatment fails. Early identification of these patients allows physicians to modify treatments earlier, increasing survival.
METHODS: Ninety-one hospitalized patients with CAP were studied. Serum soluble ST2 levels were measured at diagnosis and at 3, 7, and 14 days (days 3, 7, and 14) after the initiation of antimicrobial treatment. The predictive value of all-cause in-hospital mortality and the additive effect on the pneumonia severity index (PSI) of soluble ST2 were evaluated.
RESULTS: In univariate analysis, high serum levels of soluble ST2 at days 0, 3, 7, and 14 were predictive of death (hazard ratios: 3.1, 10.0, 12.0, and 22.6, respectively). In multivariate analysis, a combination of soluble ST2 at day 3 (above 2,700 pg/ml) and PSI were predictive of death with higher accuracy than PSI alone (net reclassification improvement, 0.44; integrated discrimination improvement, 0.17; P = 0.001 for both). Specifically, simultaneous presence of high soluble ST2 (day 3) and a PSI of 5 was suggestive of higher mortality risk than a PSI of 5 alone (mortality 78% vs. 39%, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Soluble ST2 is prognostic indicator of CAP and adds to the predictive value of PSI.
PMID: 25704283 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]