An interprofessional qualitative study of barriers and potential solutions for the safe use of insulin in the hospital setting.
Can J Diabetes. 2014 Apr;38(2):85-9
Authors: Rousseau MP, Beauchesne MF, Naud AS, Leblond J, Cossette B, Lanthier L, Grondin F, Bernier F
OBJECTIVE: Insulin is regularly used in hospitalized patients for glycemic control but is associated with significant risks. The goals of this study were to describe the strengths and weaknesses of a university health centre in the safe use of insulin, to collect improvement proposals from health professionals involved in the management of insulin therapy and to assess inpatient glycemic control.
METHODS: This is a qualitative study. Physicians, nurses and pharmacists practising at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke (CHUS) for at least 2 years were invited to join focus groups on safe insulin treatment. Themes up for discussion were roles of professionals in insulin therapy, problems encountered, solutions put forward and strengths of the hospital. The Quality Hyperglycemia Score (QHS) was assessed using an existing cohort of inpatients who were prescribed insulin.
RESULTS: A total of 5 focus groups were held in February and March of 2012, involving 31 healthcare professional participants. Several groups pointed out the same problems, namely, lack of access to useful information for optimal management of insulin therapy and lack of communication among personnel on different work shifts. Results of the QHS suggest room for improvement in blood glucose control at our institution.
CONCLUSION: These focus groups allowed better identification of the management problems related to the use of insulin in our health institution and possible interventions to solve them. The QHS will be reassessed to measure quality of inpatient glycemic control over time.
PMID: 24690502 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]