A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on statins for the prevention of contrast-induced acute kidney injury in patients with and without acute coronary syndromes.
Int J Cardiol. 2015 Jan 29;183C:47-53
Authors: Marenzi G, Cosentino N, Werba JP, Tedesco CC, Veglia F, Bartorelli AL
OBJECTIVES: We assessed whether short-term, pre-procedural, intensive statin treatment may reduce contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) incidence in patients with and without acute coronary syndromes (ACS) undergoing coronary angiography (CA) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
BACKGROUND: Statins may exert renal-protective effects through their pleiotropic properties. However, there have been conflicting reports on the CI-AKI preventive effect of pre-procedural statin administration.
METHODS: Randomized controlled trials published between January 1st, 2003 and February 28th, 2014 comparing the preventive effects against CI-AKI of pre-procedural statins vs. control (lower statin dose, no statin, or placebo) in patients undergoing CA/PCI were included.
RESULTS: Data were combined from 9 clinical trials enrolling 5212 patients (age 65±5years, 63% males). Pooled analysis showed that intensive, short-term statin pre-treatment significantly reduced the risk of CI-AKI as compared to control (relative risk [RR] 0.50; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.39 to 0.64; P<0.001). Pre-specified subgroup analysis showed that intensive statin pre-treatment significantly reduced CI-AKI risk in patients with ACS (RR 0.37; 95% CI 0.25 to 0.55; P<0.0001), with only a non-significant positive trend in patients without ACS (RR 0.65; 95% CI 0.41 to 1.03; P=0.07). No evidence of publication bias was detected.
CONCLUSIONS: Short-term, pre-procedural, intensive statin treatment significantly reduced CI-AKI incidence in ACS patients, and may contribute to the overall clinical benefit associated with the early use of these drugs in this clinical setting. Its role in non-ACS patients warrants further investigation.
PMID: 25662053 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]