Potential Sources of Clostridium difficile in Human Infection.
Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2015 Jan 9;
Authors: Bauer MP, Kuijper EJ
The view of Clostridium difficile infection as a hospital-acquired infection transmitted only by symptomatic patients is changing. Although C difficile is present in food for human consumption, food-borne infection caused by C difficile has never been confirmed. More information on the infective dose and the level of contamination is needed to determine the risk for food-borne exposure to C difficile in humans. The emergence of C difficile polymerase chain reaction (PCR) ribotype 078 in humans is epidemiologically linked to its presence in piglets and calves and their environment, suggesting zoonotic transmission.
PMID: 25582646 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]