Relationship between nighttime vital sign assessments and acute care transfers in the rehabilitation inpatient.
Rehabil Nurs. 2014 Nov-Dec;39(6):305-10
Authors: Pellicane AJ
PURPOSE: To investigate the role of nighttime vital sign assessment in predicting acute care transfers (ACT) from inpatient rehabilitation.
DESIGN: Retrospective chart review.
METHODS: Fifty patients unexpectedly discharged to acute care underwent chart review to determine details of each ACT.
FINDINGS: Seven of 50 ACT possessed new vital sign abnormalities at the 11 pm vital sign assessment the night before ACT. None of these seven underwent ACT during the night shift the abnormalities were detected. Two of 50 ACT were transferred between 11 pm and 6:59 am; both demonstrating normal vital sign at the 11 pm assessment. During study period, an estimated 5,607 11 pm vital sign assessments were performed.
CONCLUSIONS: Nighttime vital sign assessments do not seem to be a good screening tool for clinical instability in the rehabilitation hospital.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Eliminating sleep disturbance is important to the rehabilitation inpatient as inadequate sleep hinders physical performance. Tailoring vital sign monitoring to fit patents' clinical presentation may benefit this population.
PMID: 25042104 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]