Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis: support for an early interval surgery.
Acta Gastroenterol Belg. 2014 Sep;77(3):306-11
Authors: Croo A, De Wolf E, Boterbergh K, Vanlander A, Peeters H, Troisi RI, Berrevoet F
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Although laparoscopic cholecystectomy is advocated for acute cholecystitis, debate still exists about its optimal timing. This retrospective study compares the outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy within versus later than 5 days of onset of symptoms in patients with acute cholecystitis.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty six patients with acute cholecystitis grade I or II were included in the study and divided in two groups. Group 1 received surgery within 5 days of symptoms and group 2 received conservative therapy and delayed surgery after 6 weeks.
RESULTS: Group 1 and 2 consisted of 100 and 36 patients respec- tively. Because of failure of conservative therapy 5 patients of group 2 had surgery before 6 weeks. The remaining 31 patients underwent surgery after 6 weeks. Preoperative ERCP was indicated in 2 and 11 patients in groups 1 and 2 respectively (p < 0.001). The median total hospital stay was 3.0 days for group 1 and 11.0 days for group 2 (p < 0.001). In terms of operation time, conversion rates, intraoperative cholangiography, postoperative ERCP, morbidity or mortality both groups were comparable (p > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely within 5 days after the onset of symptoms in patients with acute cholecystitis. Because of shortened total hospital stay and risk of failure of conservative therapy, early laparoscopic cholecystectomy should be favored.
PMID: 25509201 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]