Incidence of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers – a population-based cohort study.

Link to article at PubMed

Incidence of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers - a population-based cohort study.

Int Wound J. 2014 Dec 3;

Authors: Gardiner JC, Reed PL, Bonner JD, Haggerty DK, Hale DG

Our study sought to estimate the association between race, gender, comorbidity and body mass index (BMI) on the incidence of hospital-acquired pressure ulcer (PU) from a population-based retrospective cohort comprising 242 745 unique patient hospital discharges in two fiscal years from July 2009 to June 2010 from 15 general and tertiary care hospitals. Cases were patients with a single inpatient encounter that led to an incident PU. Controls were patients without a PU at any encounter during the two fiscal years with the earliest admission retained for analysis. Logistic regression models quantified the association of potential risk factors for PU incidence. Spline functions captured the non-linear effects of age and comorbidity. Overall 2·68% of patients experienced an incident PU during their inpatient stay. Unadjusted analyses revealed statistically significant associations by age, gender, race, comorbidity, BMI, admitted for a surgical procedure, source of admission and fiscal year, but differences by gender and race did not persist in adjusted analyses. Interactions between age, comorbidity and BMI contributed significantly to the likelihood of PU incidence. Patients who were older, with multiple comorbidities and admitted for a surgical diagnosis-related groups (DRG) were at greater risk of experiencing a PU during their stay.

PMID: 25469585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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