Use of high-sensitivity troponin assays predicts mortality in patients with normal conventional troponin assays on admission-insights from a meta-analysis.
Clin Cardiol. 2013 Nov;36(11):649-53
Authors: Chatterjee S, Kim J, Dahhan A, Choudhary G, Sharma S, Wu WC
BACKGROUND: Use of high-sensitivity troponin (hs-Tn) assays can detect small levels of myocardial damage previously undetectable with conventional troponin (c-Tn) assays. However, prognostic utility of these hs-Tn assays in prediction of mortality remains unclear in the presence of nonelevated c-Tn levels on admission. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to assess mortality risk of patients with hs-Tn elevations in the setting of normal c-Tn levels.
HYPOTHESIS: Patients with hs-Tn elevations with normal c-Tn levels on admission blood samples, drawn to rule out acute coronary syndrome (ACS), have a higher mortality risk than those without hs-Tn or c-Tn elevations.
METHODS: A search was made of the PubMed, CENTRAL, EMBASE, CINAHL, EBSCO, and Web of Science databases. Studies evaluating patients with suspected ACS that reported mortality rates for those with elevated hs-Tn levels but normal c-Tn levels on admission were included. A random-effects model was used to pool event rates, and data were reported in odds ratios (95% confidence interval).
RESULTS: Four studies (N = 2033, mean age 64-75 years, 49%-70% male) revealed that nearly 32% of suspected ACS patients with normal c-Tn levels on admission had elevated hs-Tn levels. Elevated hs-Tn levels conferred a significantly higher risk of all-cause mortality vs normal hs-Tn levels (odds ratio: 4.35, 95% confidence interval: 2.81-6.73, P < 0.01), with negligible heterogeneity (I(2) = 0%).
CONCLUSIONS: Elevation of hs-Tn levels predicted a higher risk of mortality in patients with suspected ACS and may aid in the early identification of higher-risk patients in this setting. Future studies are needed to investigate further optimal management strategies.
PMID: 24037966 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]