Prolonged preoperative hospital stay is a risk factor for complications after emergency colectomy for severe colitis.
Colorectal Dis. 2013 Nov;15(11):1392-8
Authors: Bartels SA, Gardenbroek TJ, Bos L, Ponsioen CY, D'Haens GR, Tanis PJ, Buskens CJ, Bemelman WA
AIM: Risk factors for postoperative complications in patients undergoing emergency colectomy for severe colitis in inflammatory bowel disease have hardly been studied. Therefore, this study aimed to define predictors of a complicated postoperative course in these patients.
METHOD: A retrospective review was performed of 71 consecutive patients who underwent emergency colectomy for severe colitis between 1999 and 2012 at a tertiary referral centre. Complications were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Patients with a complication Grade II or higher were compared with those with no complications or a Grade I complication.
RESULTS: Nineteen patients (26.7%) had at least one postoperative complication classified as Clavien-Dindo Grade II or higher. In the group with postoperative complications, patients had a higher age (mean 45 vs 35 years, P = 0.020) and a higher body mass index (BMI) (mean 25.9 vs 21.0 kg/m(2), P = 0.006). Length of preoperative hospital stay (median 15 vs 6 days, P = 0.032) was longer in the group with postoperative complications. During the study period, the preoperative hospital stay decreased by 0.8 days per study year (95% CI 0.2-1.5 days, P < 0.001). This did not influence the complication rate over time, however.
CONCLUSION: Factors increasing the risk of complications after emergency colectomy for severe colitis were a higher age, a higher BMI and a longer preoperative hospital stay.
PMID: 23810064 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]