A multidisciplinary, biopsychosocial treatment for non-cardiac chest pain.

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A multidisciplinary, biopsychosocial treatment for non-cardiac chest pain.

Int J Clin Pract. 2014 Oct 31;

Authors: Chambers JB, Marks EM, Russell V, Hunter MS

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP) affects up to 80% of patients attending chest pain clinics, but its treatment is suboptimal.
AIM: To describe the outcomes of a pilot, stepped care, biopsychosocial management programme in terms of improvements in chest pain, psychosocial scores and use of healthcare resources.
METHODS: Of 198 referrals, 77 patients were suitable for the clinic and received a one hour biopsychosocial assessment. Stepped care consisted of assessment only, low intensity Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), or high intensity CBT.
RESULTS: The proportion with pain occurring more than once monthly fell from 100% at baseline to 61% at 3 months (p < 0.001). Pain interference reduced significantly (p < 0.001) from 5.9 [SD 2.2] at baseline to 3.2 [SD 2.6] at 3 months. Depression scores improved from a mean 8.8 to 5.4 (p < 0.05) and anxiety from 6.9 to 4.6 (p < 0.05). Use of healthcare resources improved with a fall in consultations for chest pain over 6 months from a mean 2.6 to 0.1 (p < 0.05). The impact on work and social functioning reduced from 10.4 [SD 10.4] to 3.9 [SD 7.5]: [t (70) = 6.3, p < 0.001). Further improvements occurred at 6 months for chest pain frequency (which fell to 51%, p = 0.003), interference (2.6 [SD 2.1], p < 0.05) and avoidance of exercise (p = 0.03). Otherwise improvements were maintained between 3 and 6 months.
CONCLUSION: A stepped-care biopsychosocial approach to NCCP is effective in reducing chest pain frequency and improving behaviour and wellbeing. It can be delivered in part by a nurse allowing integration into any chest pain clinic.

PMID: 25363358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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