Cardiac biomarkers and clinical scores for risk stratification in elderly patients with non-high-risk pulmonary embolism.
J Intern Med. 2014 Oct 6;
Authors: Vuilleumier N, Limacher A, Méan M, Choffat J, Lescuyer P, Bounameaux H, Aujesky D, Righini M
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic accuracy of cardiac biomarkers alone and in combination with clinical scores in elderly patients with non-high-risk pulmonary embolism (PE).
DESIGN: Ancillary analysis of a Swiss multicentre prospective cohort study.
SUBJECTS: A total of 230 patients aged ≥65 years with non-high-risk PE.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The study endpoint was a composite of PE-related complications, defined as PE-related death, recurrent venous thromboembolism or major bleeding during a follow-up of 30 days. The prognostic accuracy of the Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI), the Geneva Prognostic Score (GPS), the precursor of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) was determined using sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, logistic regression and reclassification statistics.
RESULTS: The overall complication rate during follow-up was 8.7%. hs-cTnT achieved the highest prognostic accuracy [area under the ROC curve: 0.75, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.63-0.86, P < 0.001). At the predefined cut-off values, the negative predictive values of the biomarkers were above 95%. For levels above the cut-off, the risk of complications increased 5-fold for hs-cTnT [odds ratio (OR): 5.22, 95% CI: 1.49-18.25] and 14-fold for NT-proBNP (OR: 14.21, 95% CI: 1.73-116.93) after adjustment for both clinical scores and renal function. Reclassification statistics indicated that adding hs-cTnT to the GPS or the PESI significantly improved the prognostic accuracy of both clinical scores.
CONCLUSION: In elderly patients with non-massive PE, NT-proBNP or hs-cTnT could be an adequate alternative to clinical scores for identifying low-risk individuals suitable for outpatient management. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
PMID: 25285747 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]