Early versus delayed administration of norepinephrine in patients with septic shock.

Link to article at PubMed

Related Articles

Early versus delayed administration of norepinephrine in patients with septic shock.

Crit Care. 2014 Oct 3;18(5):532

Authors: Bai X, Yu W, Ji W, Lin Z, Tan S, Duan K, Dong Y, Xu L, Li N

IntroductionThis study investigated the incidence of delayed norepinephrine administration following the onset of septic shock and its effect on hospital mortality.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from 213 adult septic shock patients treated at two general surgical intensive care units of a tertiary care hospital over a two year period. The primary outcome was 28-day mortality.ResultsThe 28-day mortality was 37.6% overall. Among the 213 patients, a strong relationship between delayed initial norepinephrine administration and 28-day mortality was noted. The average time to initial norepinephrine administration was 3.1¿±¿2.5 hours. Every 1-hour delay in norepinephrine initiation during the first 6 hours after septic shock onset was associated with a 5.3% increase in mortality. Twenty-eight day mortality rates were significantly higher when norepinephrine administration was started more than or equal to 2 hours after septic shock onset (Late-NE) compared to less than 2 hours (Early-NE). Mean arterial pressures at 1, 2, 4, and 6 hours after septic shock onset were significantly higher and serum lactate levels at 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours were significantly lower in the Early-NE than the Late-NE group. The duration of hypotension and norepinephrine administration was significantly shorter and the quantity of norepinephrine administered in a 24-hour period was significantly less for the Early-NE group compared to the Late-NE group. The time to initial antimicrobial treatment was not significantly different between the Early-NE and Late-NE groups.ConclusionOur results show that early administration of norepinephrine in septic shock patients is associated with an increased survival rate.

PMID: 25277635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.