Preoperative statin therapy in cardiac surgery: a meta-analysis of 90,000 patients.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2014 Jan;45(1):17-26; discussion 26
Authors: Kuhn EW, Liakopoulos OJ, Stange S, Deppe AC, Slottosch I, Choi YH, Wahlers T
The objective of this systematic literature review with meta-analysis was to determine the strength of evidence for a preoperative statin on the reduction of adverse postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Randomized controlled (RCT) and observational trials were searched in online databases that reported about the effects of preoperative statin therapy on major adverse clinical outcomes after cardiac surgery. Analysed outcomes included early all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke and renal failure using a priori-defined criteria. Effect estimates were calculated and are given as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) using fixed- or random-effect models. Literature search of all major databases retrieved 2371 studies. After screening, a total of 54 trials were identified (12 RCT, 42 observational) that reported outcomes of 91 491 cardiac surgery patients with (n = 46 614; 51%) or without (n = 44 877; 49%) preoperative statin therapy. Preoperative statin use resulted in a 0.9% absolute risk (2.6 vs 3.5%) and a 31% odds reduction for early all-cause mortality (OR 0.69; 95% CI 0.59-0.81; P < 0.0001). In addition, statin treatment before surgery was associated with a substantial reduction (P < 0.01) in the postoperative end-points AF (OR 0.71; 95% CI 0.61-0.82), new-onset AF (OR 0.68; 95% CI 0.54-0.85), stroke (OR 0.83; 95% CI 0.74-0.93), stay on intensive care unit (weighted mean difference [WMD] -0.14; 95% CI -0.23 to -0.03; P < 0.01) and in-hospital stay (WMD -0.57; 95% CI -0.76 to -0.38; P < 0.01). No statistical differences were found between groups with regard to myocardial infarction or renal failure. In conclusion, the current systematic review strengthens the evidence that preoperative statin therapy extends substantial clinical benefit to early postoperative outcomes in cardiac surgery patients.
PMID: 23562936 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]