Natriuretic peptides and cardio-renal disease.
Int J Cardiol. 2014 Aug 12;
Authors: Volpe M
The natriuretic peptide (NP) system is an important endocrine, autocrine and paracrine system, consisting of a family of peptides which provide cardiac, renal and vascular effects that, through their beneficial physiological actions, play a key role in maintaining overall cardiovascular health. Traditionally, the pathophysiological origins of cardio-renal disease have been viewed as the domain of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), with inappropriate activation of both systems leading to deleterious changes in cardio-renal function and structure. Therapies designed to suppress the RAAS and the SNS have been routinely employed to address the consequences of cardio-renal disease. However, it is now becoming increasingly apparent that enhancing the beneficial physiological effects of the NP system may represent an attractive alternative therapeutic approach to counter the pathophysiological effects of disease. In particular, innovative therapeutic strategies aimed at enhancing the physiological benefits afforded by NPs while simultaneously suppressing the RAAS are generating increasing interest as potential treatment options for the management of cardio-renal disease.
PMID: 25213572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]