Acid-base disturbances in intensive care patients: etiology, pathophysiology and treatment.
Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2014 Sep 11;
Authors: Al-Jaghbeer M, Kellum JA
Acid-base disturbances are very common in critically ill and injured patients as well as contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality. An understanding of the pathophysiology of these disorders is vital to their proper management. This review will discuss the etiology, pathophysiology and treatment of acid-base disturbances in intensive care patients-with particular attention to evidence from recent studies examining the effects of fluid resuscitation on acid-base and its consequences.
PMID: 25213433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]