Outcome up to one year following different reperfusion strategies in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: the Helsinki-Uusimaa Hospital District registry of ST-Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction (HUS-STEMI).
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care. 2013 Dec;2(4):371-8
Authors: Viikilä J, Lilleberg J, Tierala I, Syvänne M, Kupari M, Salomaa V, Nieminen MS, HUS-STEMI Investigators
AIMS: Current guidelines prefer primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) over fibrinolysis in the treatment of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Pre-hospital fibrinolysis followed by early invasive evaluation is an alternative that we have used in patients presenting within three hours of symptom onset. We made a survey of patients suffering an acute STEMI over one year to assess mortality and adverse events following either pPCI or fibrinolysis.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Of the 448 consecutive STEMI patients, 194 were treated with pPCI and 176 underwent fibrinolysis; 78 patients received no reperfusion treatment within 12 hours (NRT group). The median TIMI risk scores were 4.0, 3.0 and 4.0 in the pPCI, fibrinolysis and NRT groups, respectively (p<0.001). Mortality at one year was 14.4% following pPCI, 5.1% following fibrinolysis and 12.8% in the NRT group (p=0.011 across all groups and p=0.003 between pPCI and fibrinolysis, adjusted for differences in risk factors). The one-year composite of cardiovascular death, stroke, reinfarction and new revascularization was 20.1%, 18.2% and 26.9% for the pPCI, fibrinolysis and NRT groups, respectively (p=NS). In patients presenting within three hours of symptom onset, one-year mortality was 3.7% in the fibrinolysis group (n=163) and 15.3% in the pPCI group (n=118) (adjusted p =0.001), while the composite of adverse events was 16.6% in the former group and 19.5% in the latter (p=NS).
CONCLUSION: Pre-hospital fibrinolysis followed by routine early invasive evaluation provides an excellent reperfusion strategy for low-risk STEMI patients presenting early after symptom onset.
PMID: 24338296 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]