Factors associated with transfers from healthcare facilities among readmitted older adults with chronic illness.
Aust Health Rev. 2014 Jun;38(3):354-62
Authors: Islam T, O'Connell B, Hawkins M
OBJECTIVE: Because chronic illness accounts for a considerable proportion of Australian healthcare expenditure, there is a need to identify factors that may reduce hospital readmissions for patients with chronic illness. The aim of the present study was to examine a range of factors potentially associated with transfer from healthcare facilities among older adults readmitted to hospital within a large public health service in Melbourne, Australia.
METHODS: Data on readmitted patients between June 2006 and June 2011 were extracted from hospital databases and medical records. Adopting a retrospective case-control study design, a sample of 51 patients transferred from private residences was matched by age and gender with 55 patients transferred from healthcare facilities (including nursing homes and acute care facilities). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to compare the two groups, and to determine associations between 46 variables and transfer from a healthcare facility.
RESULTS: Univariate analysis indicated that patients readmitted from healthcare facilities were significantly more likely to experience relative socioeconomic advantage, disorientation on admission, dementia diagnosis, incontinence and poor skin integrity than those readmitted from a private residence. Three of these variables remained significantly associated with admission from healthcare facilities after multivariate analysis: relative socioeconomic advantage (odds ratio (OR) 11.30; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.62-48.77), incontinence (OR 7.18; 95% CI 1.19-43.30) and poor skin integrity (OR 18.05; 95% CI 1.85-176.16).
CONCLUSIONS: Older adults with chronic illness readmitted to hospital from healthcare facilities are significantly more likely to differ from those readmitted from private residences in terms of relative socioeconomic advantage, incontinence and skin integrity. The findings direct efforts towards addressing the apparent disparity in management of patients admitted from a facility as opposed to a private residence.
PMID: 24670934 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]