Variations in 30-day hospital readmission rates across primary care clinics within a tertiary referral center.
J Hosp Med. 2014 Aug 6;
Authors: Tang N, Maselli JH, Gonzales R
BACKGROUND: Reducing hospital readmissions is a national healthcare priority. Little is known about how readmission rates vary across unique primary care practices.
OBJECTIVE: To calculate all-cause 30-day hospital readmission rates at the level of individual primary care practices and identify factors associated with variations in these rates.
DESIGN: Retrospective analysis SETTING: Seven primary care clinics affiliated with the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF).
PATIENTS: Adults ≥18 years old with a primary care provider (PCP) at UCSF MEASUREMENTS: All-cause 30-day readmission rates were calculated for primary care clinics for discharges between July 1, 2009 and June 30, 2012. We built a model to identify demographic, clinical, and hospital factors associated with variation in rates.
RESULTS: There were 12,564 discharges for patients belonging to the 7 clinics, with 8685 index discharges and 1032 readmissions. Readmission rates varied across practices, from 14.9% in Human Immunodeficiency Virus primary care and 7.7% in women's health. In multivariable analyses, factors associated with variation in readmission rates included: male gender (odds ratio [OR]: 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-1.40), Medicare insurance (OR: 1.31, 95% CI: 1.05, 1.64; Ref = private), Medicare-Medicaid dual eligible (OR: 1.26, 95% CI: 1.01-1.56), multiple comorbidities, and admitting services. Patients with a departed PCP awaiting transfer assignment to a new PCP had an OR of 1.59 (95% CI: 1.16-2.17) compared with having a current faculty PCP.
CONCLUSIONS: Primary care practices are important partners in improving care transitions and reducing hospital readmissions, and this study introduces a new way to view readmission rates. PCP turnover may be an important risk factor for hospital readmissions. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2014. © 2014 Society of Hospital Medicine.
PMID: 25130292 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]