Role of cystatin C and renal resistive index in assessment of renal function in patients with liver cirrhosis.
World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Jun 7;20(21):6573-9
Authors: Culafić D, Stulić M, Obrenović R, Miletić D, Mijač D, Stojković M, Jovanović M, Culafić M
AIM: To evaluate the clinical significance of cystatin C and renal resistive index for the determination of renal function in patients with liver cirrhosis.
METHODS: We conducted a study of 63 patients with liver cirrhosis. A control group comprised of 30 age and gender-matched healthy persons. Serum cystatin C was determined in all study subjects and renal Doppler ultrasonography was made. Estimated glomerular filtration rate from serum creatinine (GFRCr) and cystatin C (GFRCys) was calculated.
RESULTS: We confirmed significant differences in values of cystatin C between patients with different stages of liver cirrhosis according to Child-Pugh (P = 0.01), and a significant correlation with model of end stage liver disease (MELD) score (r s = 0.527, P < 0.001). More patients with decreased glomerular filtration rate were identified based on GFRCys than on GFRCr (P < 0.001). Significantly higher renal resistive index was noted in Child-Pugh C than in A (P < 0.001) and B stage (P = 0.001). Also, a significant correlation between renal resistive index and MELD score was observed (r s = 0.607, P < 0.001). Renal resistive index correlated significantly with cystatin C (r s = 0.283, P = 0.028) and showed a negative correlation with GFRCys (r s = -0.31, P = 0.016).
CONCLUSION: Cystatin C may be a more reliable marker for assessment of liver insufficiency. Additionally, cystatin C and renal resistive index represent sensitive indicators of renal dysfunction in patients with liver cirrhosis.
PMID: 24914379 [PubMed - in process]