Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for hemodynamically stable patients experiencing an acute pulmonary embolism: A meta-analysis.
Thromb Res. 2014 Apr 18;
Authors: Liu Y, Lu Y, Song J, Li D, Liu H, Yang J, Zhao H
BACKGROUND: The role of thrombolytic therapy for the initial treatment of hemodynamically stable patients experiencing an acute pulmonary embolism remains controversial.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing between administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and heparin in hemodynamically stable patients experiencing an acute pulmonary embolism. Seven trials, involving 594 patients, were included in this meta-analysis. Compared with heparin, rt-PA was associated with a non-significant reduction in death (2.75% versus 3.96%; RR 0.69, 95% CI 0.31-1.52, P for heterogeneity=0.520) and recurrent pulmonary embolism (2.13% versus 3.34%; RR 0.70, 95% CI 0.28-1.73), and a non-significant increase in major bleeding (5.15% versus 4.29%; RR 1.06, 95% CI 0.520-2.150). Similar results were found based on a subgroup analysis of patients displaying echocardiographic evidence of right ventricular dysfunction (RVD). In contrast, rt-PA treatment was associated with a significant reduction in escalation of care in trials that also enrolled patients displaying RVD compared with heparin treatment (6.56% versus 19.7%; RR 0.34, 95% CI 0.20-0.65).
CONCLUSION: The currently available data provide no evidence for a benefit of administration of rt-PA compared with heparin for the initial treatment of hemodynamically stable patients experiencing an acute pulmonary embolism. However, rt-PA is partially beneficial specifically among patients displaying RVD.
PMID: 24824292 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]