Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in cardiopulmonary disease in adults.
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Apr 23;
Authors: Abrams D, Combes A, Brodie D
The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for both respiratory and cardiac failure in adults is evolving rapidly. Advances in technology and accumulating data are spurring greater interest and explosive growth in ECMO around the world. Expanding indications and novel strategies are being employed. Yet the use of ECMO outpaces the data. The promise of a major shift in the paradigm for the treatment of respiratory and cardiac failure is tempered by a need for evidence to support many current and potential future uses. We will review cannulation strategies, indications and evidence for ECMO in respiratory and cardiac failure in adults as well as potential applications and the impact they may have on our current treatment paradigms.
PMID: 24814488 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]