Resident and hospitalist perspectives on the "great teaching case": Correlation with actual patient assignment decisions.

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Resident and hospitalist perspectives on the "great teaching case": Correlation with actual patient assignment decisions.

J Hosp Med. 2014 May 6;

Authors: Roberts DL, Labonte HR, Cheng MR, Chang YH

BACKGROUND: With the advent of limits to resident duty hours and the size of teaching services, many academic institutions have introduced nonteaching services, often triaging perceived better teaching cases to the resident services.
OBJECTIVE: To compare resident versus faculty perceptions of ideal cases for teaching services and compare these perceptions with actual triage decisions made by faculty who assigned patients to either teaching or nonteaching services.
DESIGN: Residents and hospitalist faculty were surveyed about their perceptions of ideal and actual teaching admissions, first with qualitative, open-ended questions and then with quantitative, specific questions generated from responses to the first survey. Characteristics of patients admitted to teaching and nonteaching services were analyzed retrospectively and compared with resident and faculty perceptions.
RESULTS: Residents and faculty agreed that rare cases, patients with unique physical findings, and a variety of pathology were ideal for teaching services and that social admissions, benefactors, and patients with chronic or functional pain were not. Residents believed that traditional ("bread and butter") medicine cases were under-represented on the teaching services. Although residents perceived that they received a disproportionate number of older patients, outside transfers, patients with chronic pain, and patients with cancer, the only statistically significant difference was in patient age, with the teaching service actually receiving younger patients (66.7 vs 69.3 years; P = 0.008).
CONCLUSIONS: Residents and faculty have similar views about ideal teaching cases, but a triage system based on perceived educational merit creates the possibility of resident misperceptions about their case mix, even if patients are distributed relatively equitably. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2014. © 2014 Society of Hospital Medicine.

PMID: 24801638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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