Diagnosis and classification of Addison’s disease (autoimmune adrenalitis).

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Diagnosis and classification of Addison's disease (autoimmune adrenalitis).

Autoimmun Rev. 2014 Apr-May;13(4-5):408-11

Authors: Brandão Neto RA, de Carvalho JF

Autoimmune adrenalitis, or autoimmune Addison disease (AAD), is the most prevalent cause of primary adrenal insufficiency in the developed world. AAD is rare and can easily be misdiagnosed as other conditions. The diagnosis depends on demonstrating inappropriately low cortisol production and the presence of high titers of adrenal cortex autoantibodies (ACAs), along with excluding other causes of adrenal failure using other tests as necessary. The treatment corticosteroid replacement, and the prognosis following the treatment is the same as the normal population. Spontaneous recovery of adrenal function has been described but is rare.

PMID: 24424183 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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