Intravenous administration of ulinastatin (human urinary trypsin inhibitor) in severe sepsis: a multicenter randomized controlled study.
Intensive Care Med. 2014 Apr 16;
Authors: Karnad DR, Bhadade R, Verma PK, Moulick ND, Daga MK, Chafekar ND, Iyer S
PURPOSE: Ulinastatin, a serine protease inhibitor, inhibits several pro-inflammatory proteases and decreases inflammatory cytokine levels and mortality in experimental sepsis. We studied the effect of ulinastatin on 28-day all-cause mortality in a double-blind trial in patients with severe sepsis in seven Indian hospitals.
METHODS: Patients with sepsis were randomized within 48 h of onset of one or more organ failures to receive intravenous administration of ulinastatin (200,000 IU) or placebo 12 hourly for 5 days.
RESULTS: Of 122 randomized subjects, 114 completed the study (55 receiving ulinastatin, 59 receiving placebo). At baseline, the mean APACHE II score was 13.4 (SD = 4.4), 48 (42 %) patients were receiving mechanical ventilation, 58 (51 %) were on vasopressors, and 35 % had multiple organ failure. In the modified intention-to-treat analysis (patients receiving six or more doses of study drugs), 28-day all-cause mortality was 7.3 % with ulinastatin (4 deaths) versus 20.3 % (12 deaths) with placebo (p = 0.045). On multivariate analysis too, treatment with ulinastatin (odds ratio 0.26, 95 % CI 0.07-0.95; p = 0.042) independently decreased 28-day all-cause mortality. However, the mortality difference did not reach statistical significance in the intention-to-treat analysis [10.2 % (6/59 deaths) with ulinastatin versus 20.6 % (13/63 deaths) in the placebo group; p = 0.11]. The ulinastatin group had lower incidence of new-onset organ failure (10 vs. 26 patients, p = 0.003), more ventilator-free days (mean ± SD 19.4 ± 10.6 days vs. 10.2 ± 12.5 days, p = 0.019), and shorter hospital stay (11.8 ± 7.1 days vs. 24.2 ± 7.2 days, p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: In this pilot study, intravenous administration of ulinastatin reduced mortality in patients with severe sepsis in the modified intention-to-treat analysis, but not in the intention-to-treat analysis.
PMID: 24737258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]