Verification of our therapeutic criterion for acute cholecystitis: "perform a subemergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy when a patient is judged to be able to tolerate general anesthesia"--the experience in a single community hospital.
Fukuoka Igaku Zasshi. 2013 Oct;104(10):339-43
Authors: Uchiyama H, Shirabe K, Yoshizumi T, Ikegami T, Soejima Y, Ikeda T, Kawanaka H, Yamashita Y, Morita M, Oki E, Mimori K, Sugimachi K, Saeki H, Watanabe M, Takenaka K, Maehara Y
BACKGROUND: Our current therapeutic criterion for acute cholecystitis is: Perform a subemergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) when a patient is judged to be able to tolerate general anesthesia. The aim of the current study was to verify whether this criterion is justified.
METHODS: The outcomes of 21 cases of LC for acute cholecystitis performed between April 2011 and September 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Subemergency LC was performed according to the aforementioned criterion (Subemergency group; n = 16). Patient who was judged to be unable to tolerate general anesthesia underwent percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) first, then LC after the patients' condition became stable (PTGBD group; n = 5).
RESULTS: There is no conversion to open surgery throughout the study period. The mean of the total hospital stays in the Subemergency group was significantly shorter than that in the PTGBD group (11.5 +/- 5.3 vs. 30.4 +/- 8.5 days). Although two patients in the Subemergency group, who had already needed oxygen administration preoperatively, suffered postoperative respiratory failure, they completely recovered. On the other hand, there is no postoperative complication in the PTGBD group.
DISCUSSION: Subemergency LC could be safely performed when surgeons as well as anesthesiologists judged a patient to be able to tolerate general anesthesia, which significantly shorten hospital stays compared to elective LC after PTGBD. However, elective LC after PTGBD is an absolutely safer therapeutic option in treating unstable patients.
PMID: 24511664 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]