Cost-effectiveness of dabigatran etexilate for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in atrial fibrillation in Taiwan.
Thromb Res. 2014 Mar 3;
Authors: Chang CH, Yang YH, Chen JH, Lin LJ
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluation of dabigatran, a new anti-antithrombotic agent, is done mostly in Western countries. It remains to be seen whether dabigatran will be cost effective in a practice environment where warfarin is significantly underused and the costs of both warfarin and international normalized ration INR monitoring are cheap.
METHODS: We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis with a Markov model to evaluate the value of dabigatran to prevent stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in Taiwan. Dabigatran was given through sequential dosing, where patients<80years old received 150mg of dabigatran twice a day and the dosage was reduced to 110 mgs for patients≥80years old. Dabigatran was compared with warfarin under two scenarios: the "real-world adjusted-dose warfarin" assuming all AF patients eligible for warfarin were given the medication and maintained at the INR observed in routine clinical practice in Taiwan, and the "real-world prescribing behaviour" similar to the treatment with antithrombotics in real-world practice in Taiwan, where eligible patients could receive warfarin, aspirin, or no treatment.
RESULTS: The percentage of AF patients who received warfarin, aspirin or no treatment in Taiwan was 16%, 62% and 22%, respectively. The event rates of ischemic stroke per 100 patient-years were 4.5, 8.0, and 6.0 for sequential dabigatran, real-world prescribing behaviour and real-world warfarin use, respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was $280 US per quality-adjusted-year (QALY) in the real-world prescribing scenario and $10,551 US/QALY in real-word warfarin use.
CONCLUSIONS: Dabigatran was highly cost-effective in a clinical practice setting where warfarin has been significantly underused.
PMID: 24642004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]