Noninvasive Ventilation and Lung Volume Reduction.
Clin Chest Med. 2014 Mar;35(1):251-269
Authors: Murphy PB, Zoumot Z, Polkey MI
As parenchymal lung disease in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease becomes increasingly severe there is a diminishing prospect of drug therapies conferring clinically useful benefit. Lung volume reduction surgery is effective in patients with heterogenous upper zone emphysema and reduced exercise tolerance, and is probably underused. Rapid progress is being made in nonsurgical approaches to lung volume reduction, but use outside specialized centers cannot be recommended presently. Noninvasive ventilation given to patients with acute hypercapnic exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reduces mortality and morbidity, but the place of chronic non-invasive ventilatory support remains more controversial.
PMID: 24507850 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]