Outpatient versus inpatient treatment in patients with pulmonary embolism: a meta-analysis.
Eur Respir J. 2013 Jul;42(1):134-44
Authors: Zondag W, Kooiman J, Klok FA, Dekkers OM, Huisman MV
Our aim was to study the safety of outpatient treatment in low risk patients with acute pulmonary embolism compared with inpatient treatment, the current clinical standard. We searched Medline, Web of Science, Cochrane and EMBASE databases and included studies on outpatient treatment of pulmonary embolism. The outcomes were 3-month recurrent venous thromboembolism, major bleeding and all-cause mortality. We identified 13 studies (1657 patients) with outpatients (discharge <24 h), three studies (256 patients) with early discharge patients (discharged within 72 h) and five studies (383 patients) with inpatients. The pooled incidence of recurrent venous thromboembolism was 1.7% (95% CI 0.92-3.1%) in outpatients, 1.1% (0.22-5.4%) in patients discharged early and 1.2% (0.16-8.1%) in inpatients. The pooled incidence of major bleeding was 0.97% (0.58-1.6%) in outpatients, 0.78% (0.16-3.7%) in early discharge patients and 1.0% (0.39-2.8%) in inpatients. The pooled incidence of mortality was 1.9% (0.79-4.6%) in outpatients, 2.3% (1.1-5.1%) in early discharge patients and 0.74% (0.04-11%) in inpatients. Incidences of recurrent venous thromboembolism, major bleeding and, after correction for malignancies, mortality were comparable between outpatients, patients discharged early and inpatients. We conclude that home treatment or early discharge of selected low-risk patients with pulmonary embolism is as safe as inpatient treatment.
PMID: 23100493 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]