Ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis for acute pulmonary embolism: a systematic review.
Eur Heart J. 2014 Feb 3;
Authors: Engelberger RP, Kucher N
Pulmonary embolism remains a common and potentially life-threatening disease. For patients with intermediate- and high-risk pulmonary embolism, catheter-based revascularization therapy has emerged as potential alternative to systemic thrombolysis or surgical embolectomy. Ultrasound-assisted catheter-directed thrombolysis is a contemporary catheter-based technique and is the focus of the present review. Ultrasound-assisted catheter-directed thrombolysis is more effective in reversing right ventricular dysfunction and dilatation in comparison with anticoagulation alone in patients at intermediate risk. However, a direct comparison of ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis with systemic thrombolysis or surgical thrombectomy is not available. Ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis with initial intrapulmonary thrombolytic bolus may also be effective in high-risk patients, but evidence from randomized trials is not available. This review summarizes current data on ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis for acute pulmonary embolism.
PMID: 24497337 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]