High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T Predicts Non-Cardiac Mortality in Heart Failure.
Circ J. 2014 Jan 23;
Authors: Nakamura Y, Yoshihisa A, Takiguchi M, Shimizu T, Yamauchi H, Iwaya S, Owada T, Miyata M, Abe S, Sato T, Suzuki S, Oikawa M, Kobayashi A, Yamaki T, Sugimoto K, Kunii H, Nakazato K, Suzuki H, Saitoh SI, Takeishi Y
Background: Cardiac troponins are independent predictors of cardiac mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). Recently, elevation of troponins was described in non-cardiac diseases such as stroke and infection, among others, but it remains unclear whether high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) predicts non-cardiac mortality in HF patients. Methods and Results: Four-hundred and forty-four consecutive HF patients admitted to hospital for the treatment of decompensated HF were divided into 2 groups based on median hs-TnT: group L (<0.028ng/ml, n=220) and group H (≥0.028ng/ml, n=224). We compared all-cause mortality and echocardiographic findings between the 2 groups. In the follow-up period (mean 472 days), 77 deaths (49 cardiac deaths and 28 non-cardiac deaths) were observed. The event-free rate was significantly lower in group H than in group L for non-cardiac death (P=0.025), cardiac death (P<0.001), and all-cause mortality (P<0.001). On multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, high hs-TnT was found to be an independent predictor of non-cardiac death (P=0.042), cardiac death (P<0.001) and all-cause mortality (P<0.001) in HF patients after adjusting for risk factors. Regarding echocardiographic parameters, left ventricular wall thickness was higher (P<0.001), and ejection fraction was lower (P=0.011) in group H than in group L. Conclusions: Hs-TnT is an independent predictor not only of cardiac mortality, but also of non-cardiac mortality in HF patients.
PMID: 24451686 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]