Clostridium difficile-associated disease: Adherence with current guidelines at a tertiary medical center.
World J Gastroenterol. 2013 Dec 14;19(46):8647-51
Authors: Curtin BF, Zarbalian Y, Flasar MH, von Rosenvinge E
AIM: To assess adherence with the the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA)/ the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines for management of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)-associated disease (CDAD) at a tertiary medical center.
METHODS: All positive C. difficile stool toxin assays in adults between May 2010 and May 2011 at the University of Maryland Medical Center were identified. CDAD episodes were classified as guideline adherent or non-adherent and these two groups were compared to determine demographic and clinical factors predictive of adherence. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the effect of multiple predictors on guideline adherence.
RESULTS: 320 positive C. difficile stool tests were identified in 290 patients. Stratified by disease severity criteria set forth by the SHEA/IDSA guidelines, 42.2% of cases were mild-moderate, 48.1% severe, and 9.7% severe-complicated. Full adherence with the guidelines was observed in only 43.4% of cases. Adherence was 65.9% for mild-moderate CDAD, which was significantly better than in severe cases (25.3%) or severe-complicated cases (35.5%) (P < 0.001). There was no difference in demographics, hospitalization, ICU exposure, recurrence or 30-d mortality between adherent and non-adherent groups. A multivariate model revealed significantly decreased adherence for severe or severe-complicated episodes (OR = 0.18, 95%CI: 0.11-0.30) and recurrent episodes (OR = 0.46, 95%CI: 0.23-0.95).
CONCLUSION: Overall adherence with the SHEA/IDSA guidelines for management of CDAD at a tertiary medical center was poor; this was most pronounced in severe, severe-complicated and recurrent cases. Educational interventions aimed at improving guideline adherence are warranted.
PMID: 24379582 [PubMed - in process]