Comparison of the "Real-life" Diagnostic Value of Two Recently Published Electrocardiogram Methods for the Differential Diagnosis of Wide QRS Complex Tachycardias.
Acad Emerg Med. 2013 Nov;20(11):1121-1130
Authors: Szelényi Z, Duray G, Katona G, Fritúz G, Szegő E, Kovács E, Szénási G, Vereckei A
OBJECTIVES: The diagnostic values of the aVR lead or "Vereckei algorithm," and the lead II R-wave peak time (RWPT) criterion, recently devised for the differential diagnosis of wide QRS complex tachycardias (WCTs), were compared.
METHODS: A total of 212 WCTs (142 ventricular tachycardias [VTs], 62 supraventricular tachycardias [SVT], and eight preexcitation SVTs) from 145 patients with proven electrophysiologic diagnoses were retrospectively analyzed by seven examiners blinded to the electrophysiologic diagnoses.
RESULTS: The overall test accuracy of the Vereckei algorithm was superior to that of the RWPT criterion (84.3% vs. 79.6%; p = 0.0003). The sensitivity of the Vereckei algorithm for VT diagnosis was greater than that of RWPT criterion (92.4% vs. 79.1%; p < 0.0001). The negative predictive value (NPV) for the Vereckei algorithm was also greater (77.8%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 73.6% to 82.1%) than that of the RWPT criterion (61.6%; 95% CI = 57.6% to 65.6%). The specificity of the Vereckei algorithm was lower than that of the RWPT criterion (64.7% vs. 80.9%; p < 0.0001). The positive predictive value (PPV) was also lower for the Vereckei algorithm (86.4%; 95% CI = 84.4% to 88.4%) than for the RWPT criterion (90.9%; 95% CI = 89.1% to 92.8%). Incorrect diagnoses made by the Vereckei algorithm were mainly due to misdiagnosis of SVT as VT (65.7% of cases), and those made by the RWPT criterion were due to the more dangerous misdiagnosis of VT as SVT (72.5% of cases).
CONCLUSIONS: The Vereckei algorithm was superior in overall test accuracy, sensitivity, and NPV for VT diagnosis and inferior in specificity and PPV to the RWPT criterion. All of these parameters were lower in "real life" than those reported by the original authors for each of the particular electrocardiographic methods.
PMID: 24238314 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]